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Seigniorage: Reducing Reliance on Seigniorage Revenue

Amore drastic way of weaning a government awayfrom reliance on seigniorage revenue is to dollarizethe economy. . .

Seigniorage: Hyperinflation

A government that is unable to fund its expenditures through conventional taxes or bond sales may become dependent on seigniorage revenues to maintain its existence.


Seigniorage is profit from money creation, a way for governments to generate revenue without levying conventional taxes.

Sanitary and phytosanitary measures: Prospects for Regulatory Reform of SPS Measures

Although current international trade rules curb the protectionist abuse of SPS measures. . .

Sanitary and phytosanitary measures: International Trade Rules

Although it has been difficult to assess the aggregate effects of SPS regulations on trade in agricultural goods, or to evaluate their relative importance in theworld trading system. . .

Sanitary and phytosanitary measures: Measurement of Economic Effects

Although traditional trade barriers have been extensively studied, informing policy trade-offs and negotiating priorities in theUruguay andDoha trade rounds. . .

Sanitary and phytosanitary measures

Since the 1990s, attention to agricultural trade policy has widened to include issues related to technical barriers to trade. . .

Sanctions: Empirical Findings on Sanctions

Many studies have attempted to identify the correlates of sanctions success.

Sanctions: Economic and Political Effects of Sanctions

Both the sanctioning nation(s) and the target nation are, in general, made worse off by a trade embargo.


International economic sanctions are often favored by nation-states and by international organizations as a means of projecting power or influencing another government’s. . .

World economics articles